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11 Cash flow information

This note includes information about the Group’s cash flows as well as non-cash transactions. Where more relevant for the understanding of a transaction, cash inflows and outflows are described in the notes of the respective assets or liabilities to which the cash flows relate. The same applies to non-cash transactions.

Net capital expenditure

The Group’s capital expenditure primarily relates to investments in own production, plant and equipment (PP&E capital expenditure, excluding filling machines) and to the manufacture and deployment of filling machines with customers under contracts accounted for as operating leases (filling machine capital expenditure).

Net capital expenditure is defined by the Group as capital expenditure less upfront cash. Upfront cash is defined as consideration received as an upfront payment for filling machines from customers. Net capital expenditure is not a defined performance measure in IFRS (see further note 9).

Management uses net capital expenditure as it better demonstrates how cash generative the business is. As the Group typically receives a portion of the total consideration for a filling machine as an upfront payment from the customer (see also note 20), the cash outflow relating to filling machines is generally lower than implied by the gross capital expenditure figure. Payments received for filling lines (including upfront payments) are included in cash flows from operating activities.

The following table reconciles capital expenditure to net capital expenditure.

(In € million)


Year ended
31 Dec. 2020


Year ended
31 Dec. 2019

PP&E (excl. filling machines)





Gross filling machines





Capital expenditure (gross)





Upfront cash (for filling machines)





Net capital expenditure





Free cash flow

Free cash flow is used by management to evaluate the performance of the Group. Free cash flow is defined by the Group as net cash from operating activities plus dividends received from the joint ventures less capital expenditure and payments of lease liabilities. Free cash flow is not a defined performance measure in IFRS (see further note 9).

The following table reconciles net cash from operating activities to free cash flow.

(In € million)


Year ended
31 Dec. 2020


Year ended
31 Dec. 2019

Net cash from operating activities





Dividends received from joint ventures





Acquisition of PP&E and intangible assets





Payment of lease liabilities





Free cash flow





Non-cash transactions

Non-cash transactions for the year ended 31 December 2020 include the derecognition of capitalised transaction costs and original issue discount in the amount of €17.6 million resulting from the repayment of the secured term loans in June 2020 (see notes 22, 23 and 25). Other non-cash transactions include the initial recognition of leases on the statement of the financial position (see notes 13 and 22). Notably for the year ended 31 December 2020, the increase in right-of-use assets and lease liabilities compared to the prior year is mainly due to the commencement in December 2020 of the 20-year lease of the Group’s second sleeves manufacturing facility in China (with an initial lease liability and related right-of-use asset recognised of approximately €60 million each) but also to an increase of leases of production equipment for closures. The granting of instruments under the Group’s 2019 and 2020 equity-settled share-based payment plans and arrangements are also non-cash transactions (see note 31).

Cash outflows under lease contracts

The total cash outflow for the Group’s lease contracts for the year ended 31 December 2020 was €21.8 million (€15.7 million for the year ended 31 December 2019).